What is Obesity?

  • A life-long, progressive,
  • life-threatening,
  • genetically-related,
  • multi-factorial disease of excess fat storage.

Reasons for Obesity

  • Hereditary factors
  • Food Habits
  • Life Style

Visceral Fat is the Culprit

Visceral fat or abdominal fat is located inside the abdominal cavity, found between the organs (stomach, kidney, liver, intestines, etc.).

Visceral fat is different from subcutaneous fat and is found underneath the skin

What is BMI?

Body Mass Index

Body Mass Index (BMI) is an estimate in relation to the weight and height of a person; it is calculated as weight in kilogram divided by height 2 times (BMI =Weight in Kg/ height in M2). BMI of 20 to 25 is considered normal. 26 to 30 is over weight. Above 30 is obesity and above 37 will be considered as morbid obesity.

WHO Classification

BMI= weight (kg) / height (m) x height (m)

  • Ideal BMI: 20–24.9
  • Overweight: 25–29.9
  • Moderate obesity (class I): 30–34.9
  • Severe obesity (class II): 35–39.9
  • Morbid obesity (class III): 40–49.9
  • Super obesity: 50 +++

India reworks obesity guidelines

  • The Health Ministry has reduced the diagnostic cut-offs for body mass index (BMI) to 23 kg/m2 as opposed to 25 kg/m2 globally.
  • Asians have more fat even at lesser BMI

Easy way to calculate ideal body weight:

Maximum normal weight (kg) = Ht (cm) - 100

Contact Details

Dr. R. Padmakumar
Senior Consultant Laparoscopic and Metabolic Surgeon &
Director - Minimally Invasive Surgery Institute Internationale (MISII)
(Specialist in Laparoscopy, Hernia, Cancer, Obesity, Diabetes Surgery, Endoscopic Thyroid Surgery,
Thoracoscopy, Intragastric Balloon)
Keyhole Clinic, Thammanam Road, Plarivattom, Kerala, Kochi, India
KIMS Kochi, Pathadipalam, Edapally, Kerala, Kochi, India
Lakeshore Hospital, Maradu, Kerala, Kochi, India

Consultant Surgeon
Starcare Hospital, Mawaleh, Seeb, Muscat, Oman (+968 24557200)
Medeor 24x7 Hospital, Dubai (+971 4 350 0600)
Venniyil Medical Center, Sharjah (+0971 (6) 56 82258)

Mobile: +919447230370, +919846320370 (India)
Mobile: 00971567581025 (UAE)
Email: drrpadmakumar@gmail.com


Other Details

National President - Indian Hernia Society
GC Member, Association of Surgeons of India
Vice President- Society of Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Surgeons of India
Jt. Secretary - Indian Association of Endocrine Surgeons
Founder Member, Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society Of India
Founder Member, Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India
International Faculty of IASGO on Hernia and Diabetic Surgery
International Faculty of IFSO on Diabetic Surgery
Associate Editor : Diabetes and Obesity International Journal